This programme will demonstrate how the automation and professionalization of literary scholarship occurred in the 19th and first half of the 20th century, and which ideological, art-theoretical and socio-economic circumstances were responsible for those developments. In doing so, the programme wishes to uncover the influences that professionalization had upon literary repertoire-forming. In view of the fact that Dutch philology has always been strongly oriented toward foreign research, the results of this research must be placed in relation to the findings of researchers in our surrounding language regions. Accordingly, the programme also attempts to determine the extent to which the developments studied can be regarded as international or perhaps specifically national phenomena. The study is a partial follow-on to the project entitled ‘De constructie van het Nederlandse literaire verleden’ (The Construction of the Dutch Literary Past), implemented by Jan Rock at Huygens ING.